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IC (integrated circuit)

Diposting oleh Admin Senin, 16 Maret 2009

IC (integrated circuit) is the other name of chip. IC electronic tools are made from semiconductor material. IC chip or an embryo of a computer and all types of devices that use a technology other micro-controller.

IC found in 1958 by an engineer named Jack Kilby, who works at Texas Intruments try to solve the problem with thinking about a concept combining all the electronics components in a block that is made from semiconductor materials. The findings are then called IC (Integrated Circuit) or commonly called a chip and then. Some time after that, Robert Noyce, who worked on the Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation, to find similar things, although they are working on two different places.

Since then a lot of research conducted to develop IC (integrated circuit) or Chip to the present.

A founder of Intel, Moore curtain, in 1965 estimates that there are a number of transistor in an IC will be 2 times every 18 months. Trend of increased number of transistor after this has been so long and will continue to be estimated.

This can be seen in the development of the IC, a 64-Mbit DRAM is the first time in the market in 1994, consists of 3 million transistor. Microprocessor and the Intel Pentium 4 comprises more than 42 million transistor, and there are approximately 281 IC therein. Even based on the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductor (ITRS), is expected to be available a chip consisting of a transistor 3 billion in the year 2008.

IC used to own a variety of tools, including television, mobile phone, computer, industrial machinery, and various audio and video equipment. IC is often grouped based on the number of transistor held:

  • SSI (small-scale integration) chips with a maximum of 100 electronic components.
  • MSI (medium-scale integration) chips with 100 to 3,000 electronic components.
  • LSI (large-scale integration) chip with the 3000 to 100,000 electronic components.
  • VLSI (very large-scale integration) chips with 100,000 to 1,000,000 electronic components.
  • ULSI (ultra large-scale integration) chips with more than 1 million electronic components.

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